How can cholera be prevented?
Although vaccines for cholera are available, routine vaccination is generally not recommended for cholera and is not an official entry requirement for any country. Vaccination may be considered for special cases, such as people with some existing medical conditions, or those working in humanitarian relief or natural disaster areas.
Before and during travel to high-risk countries:
- seek advice from a travel medical clinic or an experienced general practitioner on how to protect yourself from cholera and other diarrhoeal illnesses
- regularly wash hands with soap and water
- drink only water that has been boiled or disinfected with iodine or chlorine tablets. Carbonated bottled drinks are usually safe (if no ice is added)
- eat freshly prepared and/or hot food, and avoid eating raw foods or vegetables (unless they can be peeled)
- always practice good food handling procedures.
Sources & Citations
- The Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th Edition, 4.1 Cholera. Available at http://immunise.health.gov.au/internet/immunise/publishing.nsf/Content/Handbook10-home~handbook10part4~handbook10-4-1 (accessed 7 April 2018).
- Victorian Government, Health, Cholera. Available at https://www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/infectious-diseases/disease-information-advice/cholera (accessed 7 April 2018).
- Centers for Disease Control, Traveller’s Health - Cholera. Available at https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/diseases/cholera (accessed 7 April 2018).
- Centers for Disease Control, Cholera – General Information FAQs. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/cholera/general/index.html (accessed 7 April 2018).
- World Health Organisation, Media Centre – Cholera Factsheet. Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs107/en/ (accessed 7 April 2018).
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0130a - Date of preparation May 2018Show All