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How can the flu be prevented?

Page last updated 28 January 2022

An annual influenza vaccination is the simplest and most effective way to prevent influenza and its complications (like pneumonia).

It is also important for everyone to take preventative measures on a day-to-day basis. People should always cover their face when coughing and sneezing. It is also recommended people sneeze into a tissue or their elbow, not directly onto hands, to prevent the spread of germs. Tissues should always be thrown into a rubbish bin after use. Hand washing is important too. Hands should always be washed with soap and water to help kill germs. Using an alcohol rub is also effective. If unwell with flu-like symptoms, it is advisable to stay at home to prevent the germs spreading in the workplace and the community.

Sources & Citations

10. Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI). Statement on administration of seasonal influenza vaccines in 2021. Available at:  (accessed 10 November 2021).

11. NSW Government. Health. Influenza factsheet. Available at: (accessed 10 November 2021).

MAT-AU-2102449  Date of preparation  January 2022