How can hepatitis A be prevented?
Hepatitis A can be prevented by practising good personal hygiene and safe sex. If you have been infected, you should stay home to prevent passing the virus to another person.
If you are travelling overseas to countries where the virus is common, vaccination may be recommended before you travel. Travellers are advised to visit their general practitioner or travel medicine specialist 6-8 weeks before travelling overseas to discuss suitable vaccination options.
If you are travelling overseas to areas where hepatitis A is common, then some extra safety practises (in addition to vaccination) should be undertaken, including:
- Only drinking from safe water supplies, including bottled water.
- Avoid uncooked food, including raw vegetables and fruit (unless it can be peeled).
- Avoid shellfish.
- Avoid unpackaged drinks.
- Avoiding ice in drinks or food.
- Avoiding food you cannot peel or boil.
Sources & Citations
2. Australian Government, Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook. Hepatitis A. Available at: https://immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/vaccine-preventable-diseases/hepatitis-a (accessed 3 March 2020).
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Viral Hepatitis. Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hav/afaq.htm#overview(accessed 3 March 2020).
4. NSW Government. Hepatitis A Fact Sheet. Available at: https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/factsheets/Factsheets/hepatitis-a.pdf (accessed 3 March 2020).
6. Victoria State Government. Better Health Channel. Hepatitis A. Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/hepatitis-a?viewAsPdf=true (accessed 3 March 2020).
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0142b - Date of preparation April 2020Show All