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How is HPV infection prevented?

Page last updated 28 April 2020

An effective way to prevent contracting HPV is through vaccination. National and international recommendations are to vaccinate young adolescents against HPV before they become sexually active. Studies show that the body’s immune response to the vaccine is best between 9-14 years of age. Vaccination is still recommended for people who have had sexual contact, even though they may be already infected with one of the types of HPV.

If used correctly, condoms can help reduce the risk of genital HPV, and also provide protection against other sexually transmitted diseases. However, because HPV is transmitted through genital skin contact (not just sexual intercourse), condoms don’t provide 100% protection against HPV.

Vaccination and cervical cancer screening (with regular cervical screening tests) are complementary measures – both are recommended. For further information regarding how to prevent HPV, speak with your healthcare professional.

Sources & Citations

  1. Australian Government. Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook – Rubella. Available at: (accessed 19 March 2020).
  2. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Rubella complications. Available at: (accessed 19 March 2020).
  3. World Health Organization. Measles factsheet. Available at: (accessed 19 March 2020).

SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0131(1) - Date of preparation April 2020