What is malaria?
Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito (i.e. the female Anopheles mosquito), which feeds on humans.
There are four types of parasites that cause malaria in humans: P. ovale, P. malariae, P. vivax and P. falciparum. Initially, the parasite roam in the bloodstream for a short time before moving on to infect the liver and multiply. After about 6 to 16 days (depending on which parasite it is), the parasite returns to the bloodstream to infect and multiply inside the red blood cells.
Sources & Citations
- Victorian State Government, Better Health Channel, Malaria. Available at https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/malaria (accessed 5 April 2018).
- World Health Organisation, Malaria Fact Sheet. Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/ (accessed 5 April 2018).
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.05.0186a - Date of preparation May 2018Show All