What vaccinations do I need for South Africa?
The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that all travellers are up-to-date with their routine vaccinations including; measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, polio, influenza and pneumococcal disease. These vaccinations are given as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP). For a full list please refer to the NIP schedule, available here. In some cases, you may need a booster or re-vaccination against a disease to ensure you still have immunity.
Other diseases that are considered a risk in South Africa include hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, malaria and rabies. Your doctor will be able to let you know which vaccinations or medications are recommended for you, based on the time of year, destination/s, activities planned and the duration of your stay.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection of the liver. People are exposed to the virus generally through food or drink contaminated with faeces (poo), however, close personal contact (e.g.
In 2019 there were 5,855 cases of hepatitis B recorded in Australia, of which 157 cases were “newly acquired” and 5,698 cases were “unspecified” in regards to the time lapse since first infection.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes life-threatening parasitic infection spread by the bite of a certain mosquito (i.e. the female Anopheles mosquito).
Sources & Citations
5. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Travelers Health – South Africa. Available at: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/south-africa [accessed 09 April 2020].
6. Victoria State Government. Better Health Channel – Travel Immunisation. Available at: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/HealthyLiving/travel-immunisation?viewAsPdf=true [Accessed 09 April 2020].
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0162(1)a - Date of preparation April 2020