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Who is considered ‘medically at risk for pneumococcal disease?

Page last updated 18 June 2019

Children with the following conditions are considered at greater risk of pneumococcal disease and may require additional vaccinations against this illness, including children:

  • who have had their spleen removed or where it does not work properly
  • with cystic fibrosis or severe asthma
  • who are immunocompromised (e.g. HIV positive, receiving chemotherapy or organ transplant recipients)
  • with Down syndrome
  • with cochlear implants
  • with chronic kidney failure
  • of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin who live in NT, QLD, WA and SA.

Note that this is not full list. There may be other conditions that increase the risk of pneumococcal disease in children. Speak with your doctor for further information.

Sources & Citations

  1. NSW Government. Pneumococcal disease fact sheet. Available at: (accessed 7 July 2018).

SPANZ.SAPAS.18.05.0210a - Date of preparation May 2018