What vaccinations do I need for South Africa?
The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that all travellers are up-to-date with their routine vaccinations including; measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, polio, influenza and pneumococcal disease. These vaccinations are given as part of the National Immunisation Program (NIP). For a full list please refer to the NIP schedule, available here. In some cases, you may need a booster or re-vaccination against a disease to ensure you still have immunity.
Other diseases that are considered a risk in South Africa include hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, malaria and rabies. Your doctor will be able to let you know which vaccinations or medications are recommended for you, based on the time of year, destination/s, activities planned and the duration of your stay.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection of the liver. People are exposed to the virus generally through food or drink contaminated with faeces (poo), however, close personal contact (e.g.
In 2017 there were 6,122 cases of hepatitis B recorded in Australia, of which 142 cases were “newly acquired” and 5,980 cases were “unspecified” in regards to the time lapse since first infection.
Malaria is a serious and sometimes life-threatening parasitic infection spread by the bite of certain mosquitoes (i.e. the female Anopheles mosquito).
Sources & Citations
- World Health Organization. International travel and health. Vaccines. Available at: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/en/ [accessed 29 May 2018].
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Health information for Travelers to South Africa. Available at: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/south-africa?s_cid=ncezid-dgmq-travel-single-001 [accessed 29 May 2018].
SPANZ.SAPAS.18.04.0162a - Date of preparation July 2018