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National immunisation program schedule

Australia's rate of immunisation is steadily increasing following the implementation of the Australian Government funded National Immunisation Program (NIP) which began in 1997. The NIP Schedule currently includes vaccines against a total of 16 diseases and provides vaccination funding for:

Updated July 20181

Child Programs

Age Vaccine

Birth

Hepatitis B (hepB)a

2 months

Hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (whooping cough), Haemophilus influenzae type b, inactivated poliomyelitis (polio) (hepB-DTPa-Hib-IPV)
Pneumococcal
Rotavirusb

4 months

Hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (whooping cough), Haemophilus influenzae type b, inactivated poliomyelitis (polio) (hepB-DTPa-Hib-IPV)
Pneumococcal
Rotavirusb

6 months

Hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (whooping cough), Haemophilus influenzae type b, inactivated poliomyelitis (polio) (hepB-DTPa-Hib-IPV)

12 months

Meningococcal ACWY
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
Pneumococcal

18 months

Haemophilus influenzae type b

Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (whooping cough) (DTPa)

Measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chickenpox)

4 years

Diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (whooping cough) inactivated poliomyelitis (polio) (DTPa-IPV)

School Programs

In-school vaccinations for year 7-10 students

Age Vaccine

All States and Territories (except SA and WA)3,4,5,7,8,10

Year 7

(or age equivalent, 11-13 years)

Human papillomavirus (HPV)c

Diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (whooping cough) (dTpa)

South Australia (SA)6 and Western Australia (WA)9

Year 8

Human papillomavirus (HPV)c

Diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (whooping cough) (dTpa)

Older Adults

Age Vaccine

65 years

Influenza vaccine annually
Pneumococcal (23vPCV)

70 yearsd

Herpes zoster (shingles)

At-risk groups

Age Risk Group Vaccine

6 months

Medically at riske

Pneumococcal (13vPCV)

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (QLD, NT, SA, WA)

12 months

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (QLD, NT, SA, WA)

Hepatitis A

18 months

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (QLD, NT, SA, WA)

Hepatitis A

4 years

Medically at riske

Pneumococcal (23vPCV)

≥15 years

Medically at riske

Pneumococcal (23vPCV)

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

Pneumococcal (23vPCV)

≥50 years

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

Pneumococcal (23vPCV)

Any age

Pregnancy

Pertussis (whooping cough)f

Any age

Pregnancy

Influenza

Funded annual influenza vaccination

≥ 6 months of age medically at riske
≥ 65 years of age
ATSI: 6 months of age to < 5 years
ATSI: ≥ 15 years of age
Pregnant women

Footnotes to the National Immunisation Program (NIP) Schedule

a. Hepatitis B: vaccine should be given to all infants as soon as practicable after birth. The greatest benefit is if given within 24 hours, and must be given within 7 days.
b. Rotavirus vaccine: First dose must be given by 14 weeks of age, the second dose by 24 weeks of age.
c. HPV vaccine: 2 doses 6-12 months apart and 3 doses required >15yrs and/or certain medical conditions. 
d. with a five year catch-up program for people aged 71-79 years old until 31 October 2021
e. Refer to the current edition of The Australian Immunisation Handbook2 for all medical risk factors.
f. Single dose recommended each pregnancy, ideally between 28-32 weeks, but may be given up until delivery.

Sources & Citations

  1. Australian Government Department of Health. National Immunisation Program Schedule. Available at: https://beta.health.gov.au/resources/publications/national-immunisation-program-schedule-portrait [accessed July 2018]
  2. Australian Government Department of Health. The Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th Edition. http://www.immunise.health.gov.au/internet/immunise/publishing.nsf/Content/Handbook10-home [accessed July 2018)
  3. ACT Health Immunisation Schedule. July 2018. Available from: https://www.health.act.gov.au/sites/default/files//act%20immunisation%20schedule.pdf Date accessed July 2018.
  4. NSW Immunisation Schedule. July 2018. Available from: http://www.health.nsw.gov.au/immunisation/publications/nsw-immunisation-schedule.pdf  Date accessed: July 2018
  5. Immunisation Schedule Queensland Children and adolescents (10 to 19 years. July 2018. Available from: https://vaccinate.initiatives.qld.gov.au/schedule/ Date accessed: July 2018
  6. National Immunisation Program South Australia Schedule. July 2018. Available from: https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/health+topics/health+conditions+prevention+and+treatment/immunisation/immunisation+programs Date accessed July 2018.
  7. Immunisation Program – Tasmania. July 2018. Available from: https://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/publichealth/communicable_diseases_prevention_unit/immunisation/publications/adult_and_child_immunisation_schedule Date accessed: July 2018.
  8. Immunisation Schedule Victoria. July 2018. Available from: https://www2.health.vic.gov.au/public-health/immunisation/immunisation-schedule-vaccine-eligibility-criteria/immunisation-schedule-victoria Date accessed: July 2018.
  9. Western Australian Immunisation Schedule. July 2018. Available from: http://healthywa.wa.gov.au/articles/a_e/childhood-immunisation-schedule Date accessed: July 2018.
  10. Childhood Vaccination Schedule. July 2018. Available from: https://nt.gov.au/wellbeing/healthy-living/immunisation/child-vaccinations Date accessed July 2018


    SPANZ.SAPAS.18.07.0279 - Date of preparation July 2018